Eau de Cologne is one of the “lightest” perfumed products: according to the French standard, the content of aromatic substances in such fragrances does not exceed 5%. It’s interesting that it is not only a technical term for the product’s concentration: this word is usually used to describe the refreshing citrus compositions, which are especially popular in summer. The origin of this term is also curious. Initially, Eau de Cologne (“water of Cologne”) was the name of the fragrance produced in 1709 by the Italian perfumer Giovanni Maria Farina, who emigrated to Germany and opened a small factory for the production of soap and scented waters.
Eau de Cologne: composition
The main ingredients of the classic Eau de Cologne are fruits: lemon, orange and grapefruit (in more modern versions – lime, yuzu and other exotic fruits). Over 300 years, the composition of the product has changed repeatedly. It may contain floral, woody and other extracts. Besides, the first confident step towards diversity was made at Farina’s factory. Modern products contain only the “technical part” of the original product.
Men’s classic examples
Although the trend towards the division into “male” and “female” is a thing of the past, many people still associate the word “Eau de Cologne” with men and the smell of citrus, wood and spices. Here are some examples of famous fragrances at the MAKEUP store:
Colonia, Acqua di Parma — classic citrus arome, released in 1916, which brought the brand popularity among Hollywood stars;
Mister Marvelous, Byredo — refreshing cologne with lavender and green notes;
Fierce, Abercrombie & Fitch — one of the most popular fragrances in the USA. This is an intense one with a strong sea scent;
Allure Homme Sport, Chanel — cool citrus composition interspersed with resins and spices;
Imperiale, Brocard — spicy and fresh with the notes of juniper and mint.
Modern colognes are divided into 4 groups:
A – contains 3-5% of oil concentration and last at least 24 hours;
B – contains 3-4% of oil concentration and has irregular durability;
C – contains 2-3% of oil concentration and has irregular durability;
Extra – contains 3-5% of oil concentration and lasts more than a day; such products are artistically designed.
The so-called “pure colognes” are composed of “citrus pyramids” and contain only a subtle floral or woody fleur. Floral fragrances have an intense flowery scent. They may include one flower or several different plants. These are usually used by women. At the same time, fantasy compositions contain several groups of scents.